What is IoT?

What is IoT?   

You would have heard about IoT and its extensive applications across different industries. Ever wondered what IoT is? Why is it gaining ground in the tech industry? This article will provide you with a clear overview of IoT and aspects related to this state-of-the-art technology advancement. 

IoT — An Overview 

IoT (Internet of Things) is an automated network of digital devices, real-world objects, machines, and computing devices where they possess the ability to transfer data within the network themselves without the aid of human interference. Each entity within this network is assigned a unique identifier (UID) which is used to transmit and receive data from other entities. 

IoT comprises “things” that make up the complete network. Things can be defined as anything that has the means to transmit and receive information. It can be your car with dedicated sensors, any appliance in your house with sensors, or even an animal with a biochip transponder. Like the names of humans, these things in an IoT network have unique IP addresses. 

How Does IoT Work?

Imagine you are driving your car and heading to your office for an immediate meeting. Suddenly a thought comes in your mind whether you turned off the Air Conditioner or not. Now what? Will you drive back home to check? Surely not! This is where IoT comes into play and you can check and even turn off your Air Conditions remotely. Let’s see how this procedure works.

IoT comprises the general devices, sensors, and gateways. General devices do not have the ability to sense. These installed sensors collect the information regarding temperature, humidity, moisture, or any other metric that is related to general devices. 

Then there is a gateway in between general devices and sensors that records the data from sensors and uploads it to the cloud via Wi-Fi. If temperature, humidity, or other such detected parameters exceed the limit, then you will be notified right away through cloud. And there you go! You get a remote notification about your appliances and you can easily regulate every device connected to the IoT network. Now turning off your Air Conditions merely requires a simple tap from your mobile. 

Application of IoT

IoT is now used in almost all aspects of daily life. You will witness IoT in residential sectors as well as commercial spaces. Here are some of the most notable applications of IoT:

  • Smart Homes
  • Smart Appliances
  • Home Monitoring 
  • Wearable Technology
  • Smart Agriculture & Breeding
  • Smart Grids
  • Water & Waste Management

The Bottom Line 

Like Artificial Intelligence, IoT is an emerging technology that has the ability to be leveraged in daily life. If acquiring smart management with minimal human effort is the goal; then IoT is the solution.

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